A histogram is a graphical representation of the distribution of data in a format similar to a bar plot. The bars can be plotted either vertically or horizontally. A simple histogram chart can be created in R with the hist function. In the example below, data from the sample "trees" dataset is used to plot a histogram of tree height.
The resulting histogram is very simple. However, users can define arguments to fully customize the appearance of the plot. Each argument is entered within the hist function and separated by a comma. When using the hist function it's often easiest to start with a standard template that lists the most common arguments with a NULL or DEFAULT value (example below). The user can then define whatever arguments they choose to customize the plot.
The format of the above string includes extra returns after each argument. R does not recognize extra returns in a string, the extra returns are included to make visual identification of each argument quicker and easier.
Common Histogram Arguments
Definitions and examples for a few of the more common arguments are provided in the table below. View the subpages under Data Visualization > Histogram to learn more about the use of these arguments in histograms.